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■パキスタンで日本人4人が腎臓移植を受ける 違法売買の臓器を使用か [健康ダイジェスト]





 違法な臓器売買が問題となっているパキスタンで腎臓移植を受けた日本人が今年少なくとも4人いたことが20日、患者ら関係者の説明で明らかになりました。東海地方に住む60歳代男性は手術後に状態が悪化し、命が危険な状態で帰国していました。
 いずれも東京都の業者が仲介。患者が受けた説明などから、違法に売買された腎臓が使われた可能性があります。パキスタンでも臓器売買は違法で、患者が摘発される恐れがあるほか、安全性にも問題があり、専門家は注意を呼び掛けています。
 日本の臓器移植法は、海外であっても臓器提供の対価としてお金を払うことや、無許可のあっせんを禁じています。厚生労働省は情報収集を始めるとともに、対応を検討しています。東京都の業者は、「話すことはない」と答えています。
 いずれの患者も帰国後は、腎臓移植手術の経験が多い愛媛県の宇和島徳洲会病院の万波誠医師に診療してもらうよう伝えられており、実際に訪れました。万波医師は、「業者と面識はない。勝手に名前を使われて許せない」と話しています。
 パキスタンでは年間2000件の腎臓移植が行われ、うち500件は患者が国立病院で家族から生体腎移植を受けるケース、残る1500件が私立病院で他人の臓器を移植されるケースで、このうち約900から1000件を中東、北米、欧州、南アジアの20カ国以上から来る患者が占めているといわれていました。
 しかし、最貧層を狙った違法臓器取引の取り締まりを目的として、2017年8月に新法が制定され、パキスタン人が外国人に臓器を販売することを禁止し、許可なく人の臓器を売買した者に対し禁固10年と多額の罰金を科すよう定められています。

 2019年8月21日(水)
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